文章摘要
马晓萌,徐峰.双一流高校自然科学基金面上项目资助特点探析[J].情报工程,2018,4(6):062-074
双一流高校自然科学基金面上项目资助特点探析
Analysis of the Funding Characteristics of Natural Science Foundation’s General Projecton Double-First Class Universities
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2018.06.006
中文关键词: 自然科学基金  面上项目  双一流高校  一流学科  马太效应
英文关键词: Natural Science Foundation  general project  double-first class universities  first-class disciplines  Matthew effect
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目产出专利对产业技术发展的影响研究(L1624039)
作者单位
马晓萌 中国科学技术信息研究所 
徐峰 中国科学技术信息研究所 
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中文摘要:
      本研究以自然科学基金面上项目为切入点,通过2008-2017 年的数据研究双一流高校自然科学基金的资助特点。本文首先对双一流高校面上项目的资助总特征进行分析,然后分别对一流大学和一流学科建设高校的资助的特点进行分析,通过分析发现综合实力是双一流高校获取基金资助的重要影响因素,一般情况下,综合实力越强的大学获得的资助经费越多;高校重点学科领域对其也有一定的影响,双一流高校中,重点学科不同,获得的资助经费也不尽相同,此外,双一流高校在获得面上项目资助经费的地区分布上也有其特色,东部地区获取的资助经费明显多于中西部地区。希望通过本文的分析研究,为双一流高校自然科学基金的申请与资助,及自然科学基金委的政策制定提供参考。
英文摘要:
      This paper studied the funding characteristics of double-first class universities through the general project of Natural Science Foundation during 2008-2017. Firstly, this paper analyzed the general funding characteristics of general project on double-first class universities. Then, we analyze funding characteristics on both world class universities and world class disciplines. The results indicate that comprehensive power is an important factor in obtaining funding for these universities. Generally,the stronger the universities are, the more funding received. Double-first universities have different key disciplines which also have effects on obtaining funding. In addition, the surface program funding of double-first class universities have differences in regional distribution. The eastern region is significantly higher than other regions. This study may provide reference for double-first class universities to apply funding, and it can also provide advice for the Natural Science Foundation to make decisions.
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