文章摘要
郭铁成.我国培育新动能的战略重点和政策方向[J].情报工程,2018,4(4):004-014
我国培育新动能的战略重点和政策方向
The Strategic Focus and Policy Direction of Cultivating New Kinetic Energy in China
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2018.04.002
中文关键词: 新动能  创新  政策
英文关键词: New kinetic energy  innovation  policy
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金“我国区域创新资源分析平台的构建(二期)”(ZD2018-14)
作者单位
郭铁成 中国科学技术信息研究所 
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中文摘要:
      建设社会主义现代化强国、实现中华民族伟大复兴,必须贯彻创新发展理念,大力培育新动能。新动能是在第四次产业革命中,通过科技创新形成的生产能力,其基本要素是人力资本、知识资本、数字资本。从技术分布来看,新动能主要分布在智能化、生态化、概念化三大技术领域;从经济分布来看,主要分布在新一代信息通信技术、高端装备、新材料、新能源、生物医药、现代服务等六大产业。新动能培育的监测指标具体包括新动能的投入、新动能的产出、新动能的结构三大类。本文针对我国现行体制机制存在问题,借鉴国际最新政策趋势,提出培育新动能不能简单沿用工业时代的政策,必须采取与第四次产业革命相适应的新兴政策,这些政策的方向是科技资源资本化、政社合作创新、系统创新,建议采用15 项相关政策工具。
英文摘要:
      To build a modern socialist country and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must implement the concept of innovation and development and vigorously cultivate new kinetic energy.The new kinetic energy is the productive capacity formed through scientific and technological innovation in the fourth industrial revolution, its production capacity is formed by the scientific and technological innovation, and its basic elements include the human capital, knowledge capital and digital capital. From the perspective of technology distribution, the new kinetic energy is mainly distributed in the three major fields of intelligence, ecology and conceptualization, while from the perspective of economic distribution, it is mainly distributed in the six major industries, such as the new generation of information and communication technology, high-end equipment, new materials, new energy, biological medicine and modern services.The monitoring index of new kinetic energy includes three categories: input of new kinetic energy, output of new kinetic energy, and structure of new kinetic energy. Aiming at the problems in current system and mechanism of China and drawing on the latest international policy trends, this paper proposed that the policy of cultivating new kinetic energy should not simply follow the industrial era. The direction of these policies is capitalization of science and technology resources, innovation of government and community cooperation, and system innovation, it include 15 relevant policy tools are suggested.
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