文章摘要
李文兰,段晓伟.基于美国专利探析中国国际专利发展态势[J].情报工程,2018,4(4):050-061
基于美国专利探析中国国际专利发展态势
Exploring the Trend of China’s International Patent Development Based on the Patents of USA
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2018.04.006
中文关键词: 美国授权专利  专利信息  国际专利  专利战略
英文关键词: Authorized patents in America  patent information  international patent  patent strategy
基金项目:天津市哲学社会科学研究规划项目“大数据环境下高校机构知识库建设机制研究”(TJTQ13-002)
作者单位
李文兰 1. 天津大学图书馆 3. 天津大学情报研究所 
段晓伟 天津大学管理与经济学部 
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中文摘要:
      知识产权成为各国发展的核心要素,对中国国际专利发展态势的掌握是中国深化国际专利发展战略及增强国际竞争力的关键。本文基于USPTO 专利数据库,从中国获得美国授权专利总体变化趋势、专利权人地区分布、主要申请机构以及重点技术领域等内容的分析构建了研究框架。分析结果表明,中国国际专利申请量近年来发展迅速,但两极分化明显,国际专利申请主要集中于少数经济和科技发展水平高的地区。中国呈现出以企业为主体的专利活动结构,国际专利申请主要集中于电子和通信领域。在此基础上,论文为中国进行国际专利布局及增强国际竞争力提出三点建议:强化政府政策导向、加大科技研发投入以及增强自主创新水平。
英文摘要:
      Intellectual property has become a core element in the development of all countries, and the grasping of the international patent development trend of China is the key to deepening the international patent development strategy and enhancing the international competitiveness. Based on the patent database of USPTO, the research framework of this study was constructed from the general trend of change, the distribution of assignees, the main application agencies and key technical fields to analyze the patents granted by the United States of China. The analysis presented that the number of international patent applications of China has been developing rapidly in recent years, but the polarization is significant.International patent applications are mainly concentrated in few areas with high levels of economic and technological development. China presented a structure of patent-oriented activities with enterprises as the main body and international patent applications are concentrated in the fields of electronics and communications. On this basis, the paper put forward three suggestions to carry out the international patent layout and enhance the international competitiveness: 1) strengthening government policy guidance,2) increasing investment in scientific research and development, and 3) enhancing the level of independent innovation.
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