文章摘要
杨波,赵扬,焦红.国际主要科学数据集检索平台对比研究[J].情报工程,2020,6(1):022-033
国际主要科学数据集检索平台对比研究
Comparison Study of International Major Scientific Dataset Retrieval Platforms
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2020.01.003
中文关键词: 科学数据管理;科学数据集;数据共享
英文关键词: Scientific data management; scientific dataset; data sharing
基金项目:国家社科基金一般项目“ 科学数据集的自组织模式和质量评价研究”(18BTQ007)。
作者单位
杨波 南京农业大学 
赵扬 南京农业大学 
焦红 南京农业大学 
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中文摘要:
      在开放科学运动蓬勃发展的背景下,开放共享理念已成为科学发展和知识传播的基础,科学数据的有效组织和共享是其重要的研究课题之一。为了帮助科学家缩短科研活动中的数据获取周期、降低数据获取的难度并提升数据复用的效率,本文将从检索入口、收录范围、核心功能等多个角度,深入比较国际五大科学数据集检索平台的优劣。经过对比分析发现,无论是综合性平台还是聚焦于特定领域的专业性平台,在系统功能和数据集收录方面都展现出了不同的特点。虽然尚处于开发和应用的初级阶段,但是这些平台依托于各自的技术和资源优势,均以各种不同的方式,初步实现了科学数据集的组织和共享。
英文摘要:
      In the context of vigorous advance of open science movement, the idea of opening & sharing has become the basis of development of science and knowledge dissemination, among which, effectively organizing and sharing scientific data is one of the key topics. In order to help scientists to shorten the cycle of data acquisition, reduce the difficulty of data acquisition and improve the efficiency of data reuse in scientific activities, this paper will make an in-depth comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of five international retrieval platforms for scientific data sets from the perspectives of access entry, inclusion scope and core function. It is found that both the comprehensive platforms and some professional ones focusing on a specific field present different characteristic in terms of system functions and resources of datasets. Although most of the platforms are in the initial stage of development and application, relying on their advantages in technology and resources, they have basically fulfilled the task of the organization and sharing of scientific datasets in various ways.
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