文章摘要
李钊,黄晓斌,陈劲松.日本专利局支撑产业竞争的专利分析公共服务经验及其启示[J].情报工程,2021,7(1):030-039
日本专利局支撑产业竞争的专利分析公共服务经验及其启示
Public Service Experiences and Enlightenments of Patent Analysis of Japan’s Patent Office Supporting Industrial Competition
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2021.01.003
中文关键词: 专利分析;日本;竞争情报;项目管理;公共服务
英文关键词: Patent analysis; Japan; competitive intelligence; project management; public service
基金项目:青海省科学技术厅基础研究计划软科学项目“‘十四五’青海省知识产权发展战略研究”(2019-ZJ-602)。
作者单位
李钊 1. 中山大学信息管理学院 广州 510006 
黄晓斌 1. 中山大学信息管理学院 广州 510006 
陈劲松 2. 广州恒成智道信息科技有限公司 广州 510699 
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中文摘要:
      [ 目的/ 意义] 国内正在大力推动专利分析公共服务,研究和学习发达国家专利分析公共服务经验有助于实现专利分析供给侧改革。[ 方法/ 过程] 采用文献调研法和案例分析法,收集日本专利局历年的专利分析报告及相关文献资料,分析总结日本专利局专利分析工作经验。[ 结果/ 结论] 本文提出我国面向产业竞争决策的专利分析公共服务要积极借鉴日本经验:(1)定位竞争制胜,服务国家经济安全和产业发展需要;(2)配位竞争决断,引入数据治理理念增强专利分析项目实施的科学性;(3)补位竞争决策公共服务,通过多源数据融合分析强化专利分析报告的独特价值;(4)换位思考用户背景,引入信息图工具为各类影响产业竞争力的关联者赋能;(5)争位提升服务软实力,加快建设面向竞争决策的复合型分析团队。
英文摘要:
      [Objective/ Significance] China is vigorously promoting the public service of patent analysis. Studying and learning the experience of patent analysis public service in developed countries will help to realize the supply side reform of patent analysis. [Methods/Process]Using literature research method and case analysis method, the patent analysis reports and related literature materials of Japan Patent Office over the years were collected, and the patent analysis experience of Japan Patent Office was analyzed and summarized. [Results /Conclusions]This paper proposes that the public service of patent analysis for industrial competition decision-making in China should actively learn from Japanese experience: (1) positioning competition to win to serve the needs of national economic security and industrial development; (2) matching competition decision-making, introducing the concept of data governance to enhance the scientificity of patent analysis project implementation; (3) supplementing competitive decision-making public service, strengthening unique value of patent analysis report through multi-source data fusion analysis (4) thinking about the user’s background, introducing the infographic to empower all kinds of related parties that affect the competitiveness of the industry; (5) improving the soft power of service and speeding up the construction of a complex analysis team for competitive decision-making.
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