文章摘要
余建兵,徐文强,刘欣,龚花萍.竞争情报服务区域科技创新的影响因素研究——基于结构方程模型的实证分析[J].情报工程,2021,7(1):055-066
竞争情报服务区域科技创新的影响因素研究——基于结构方程模型的实证分析
Research on the Influencing Factors of Regional Science and Technology Innovation in Competitive Intelligence Service -Empirical Analysis based on Structural Equation Model
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2021.01.005
中文关键词: 区域科技创新;竞争情报服务;结构方程模型
英文关键词: Regional science and technology innovation; competitive intelligence service; SEM
基金项目:陕西铁路工程职业技术学院研究生专项基金“面向区域科技创新的竞争情报服务模式研究”(KY2019-74),2020 年度国家社会科学基金项目“面向区域科技创新的竞争情报联动供给服务模式研究”(20BTQ056)。
作者单位
余建兵 1. 陕西铁路工程职业技术学院 渭南 714000 
徐文强 2. 东南大学图书馆 南京 211189 
刘欣 3. 深圳市规划国土房产信息中心 深圳 518000 
龚花萍 4. 南昌大学管理学院信息管理系 南昌 330098 
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中文摘要:
      [ 目的/ 意义] 对竞争情报服务区域科技创新的影响因素进行实证研究,旨在探索竞争情报服务过程中的影响因素,为区域科技创新发展提供高质、高效的竞争情报服务。[ 方法/ 过程] 基于前人的研究以及服务能力的影响特点引入信息资源、战略确定、情报服务、服务技术、服务环境等五大影响因素,构建影响竞争情报服务区域科技创新的假设模型,通过发放调查问卷及面对面调研问卷,在有效问卷的基础之上利用SPSS20.0 和AMSO23.0 软件对变量和假设进行验证。[ 结果/ 结论] 通过实证调查和结构方程模型分析发现:(1)仅战略确定和服务技术对竞争情报服务能力有直接且正向的影响,其中服务技术对竞争情报服务的影响最大。(2)信息资源与情报服务无直接的相关性,但与服务环境二者相关性较大。据此本文提出以下几点建议:①密切关注区域政策和动态,注重服务环境的变化,为区域科技创新提供实时竞争情报服务。②关注学习AI、BigDate、云计算、深度学习等新兴信息技术,为区域科技创新提供优质情报服务。③依据创新主体需求,提供个性化的高质、高效竞争情报服务。
英文摘要:
      [Objective/Improvement] AnThis is an empirical study focus on the influencing factors of technological innovation in competitive intelligence service which is aim to explore the influencing factors in the process of competitive intelligence services and provide high-quality and efficient competitive intelligence services for regional scientific and technological innovation. [Method/Process] Based on predecessors’ research and the impact characteristics of service capabilities, five major influencing factors such as information resources, strategy determination, intelligence services, service technology, and service environment are introduced to construct a hypothetical model that affects the technological innovation of competitive intelligence services. Through the issuance of questionnaires and face-to-face investigations Questionnaire, this study uses the SPSS20.0 and AMSO23.0 software to verify variables and hypotheses on the basis of an effective questionnaire. [Results/Conclusions] Through empirical investigation and structural equation modeling analysis, it is found that: (1) Only strategy determination and service technology have a direct and positive impact on competitive intelligence service capabilities, of which service technology has the greatest impact on competitive intelligence services. (2) There is no direct correlation between information resources and information services, but it is highly correlated with the service environment. Based on this, the following suggestions are proposed: ① Pay close attention to regional policies and developments, pay attention to the changes in the service environment, and provide real-time competitive intelligence services for regional science and technology innovation. ② Focus on learning new technologies and providing high-quality intelligence services for regional science and technology innovation. ③ Provide personalized high-quality and high-efficiency competitive intelligence according to the needs of the innovation subject.
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