文章摘要
唐明伟,张渭,秦宇豪,余定方,张东.“互联网 + 应急环境”的室内火灾应急响应模式[J].情报工程,2024,10(2):038-051
“互联网 + 应急环境”的室内火灾应急响应模式
The Emergency Decision Mode for Indoor Fire Disaster Based on the “Internet Plus Emergency Environment”
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2024.02.004
中文关键词: 火灾应急;突发事件;“互联网 +”
英文关键词: Fire Disaster Response; Emergency; “Internet Plus”
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“面向情景推演的突发事件应急预案知识组织研究”(23YJA870009);江苏高校哲学社会科学研究重大项目“面向应急决策的突发事件应急预案知识推理研究”(2021SJZDA153);江苏高校“青蓝工程”。
作者单位
唐明伟 1. 南京审计大学计算机学院 南京 211815;2. 江苏省数据工程与知识服务重点实验室 南京 210023; 
张渭 1. 南京审计大学计算机学院 南京 211815 
秦宇豪 1. 南京审计大学计算机学院 南京 211815 
余定方 3. 南京国睿信维软件有限公司 南京 210001 
张东 3. 南京国睿信维软件有限公司 南京 210001 
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中文摘要:
      [目的/意义]构建“互联网+应急环境”的室内火灾应急响应模式,提高室内火灾应急响应效率。[方法/过程]从技术角度对“互联网+”的理念进行了深度剖析,创建了“互联网+”跨界融合技术实现框架。应用该框架,从应急环境与应急部门的联动机制、突发室内火灾事件的大数据集成、基于改进Zukoski室内火灾预警模型构建、基于知识推理的火灾应急响应方法等方面,构建了“互联网+应急环境”的室内火灾应急响应模式。应用该模式,使用CC2530物联网开发套件、Neo4j知识图谱工具以及JavaEE技术,开发了基于多传感器的突发火灾预警仿真系统,并通过在室内环境燃烧纸条模拟火灾的方式进行了实验。[局限]实验仅在模拟环境下进行,在进入实际应用前,还需要进行大量的、更为真实的实验。[结果/结论]实验结果表明,本文构建的室内火灾应急响应模式行之有效。
英文摘要:
      [Objective/Significance] Construct an emergency response mode for the indoor fire based on the “Internet Plus Emergency Environment” to improve the efficiency of emergency response for the indoor fire disaster. [Methods/Processes] This paper unravels the “Internet Plus” idea technically, creates the technology implementation architecture of “Internet Plus” cross-border integration. By applying the architecture, the fundamental mechanism of the emergency decision mode for indoor fire disaster based on the “Internet Plus Emergency Environment” is investigated from four aspects which respectively are the linkage mechanism between emergency environment and department, the big data integration for the sudden indoor fire disaster, the improved Zukoski-based indoor fire detection model, the fire emergency response method based on the knowledge reasoning and so on. Based on the mode, a fire warning emulated system based on the multiple sensors for the emergency fire was developed by using the CC2530 development toolkits of Internet of Things, Neo4j knowledge graph tool and Java EE technologies. And a fire emulation experiment was conducted by burning pieces of paper indoor. [Limitations] The experiment was conducted in a simulated environment. Before practical application, abundant and more real experiments are needed. [Results/Conclusions] The experiment result shows the constructed emergency decision mode is effective.
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