文章摘要
张力元,王军.基于社会网络动力学的两宋学术和政治体系比较分析[J].情报工程,2020,6(1):034-049
基于社会网络动力学的两宋学术和政治体系比较分析
Analysis of Academic and Political Relational Systems in the Northern and Southern Song Dynasties Based on Social Network Dynamics
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2020.01.004
中文关键词: 数字人文;社会网络分析;宋代;士人
英文关键词: Digital humanities; social network analysis; Song Dynasty; elites
基金项目:
作者单位
张力元 北京大学信息管理系 
王军 北京大学信息管理系 
摘要点击次数: 23
全文下载次数: 25
中文摘要:
      对两宋期间学术和政治的研究不仅可以使我们深入了解宋朝的历史,也可以帮我们理解中国的文化根源。本文以中国历代人物传记资料库(CBDB) 中宋代士人为对象,采用了社会网络动力学的方法,从凝聚子群、中心性和幂律分布三个角度对宋代学术和政治两种体系的关系网络进行构建与比较分析,试图以宏观角度解析两宋士人在面对“ 内圣” 与“ 外王” 时的取向,并进一步结合时代背景对这种取向进行分析。研究结果表明了宋代士人群体经历了从“ 外王” 到“ 内圣” 的转变。本文对于在数字人文背景下,借助技术手段从宏观层面回答传统历史人文问题提供了新思路。
英文摘要:
      The study of academic and political phenomenons during the Song Dynasty not only enables us to obtain a deep understanding of the history of that period, but also helps us to understand the cultural root of China. Above all, Song elites might be the most typical representatives of Song Dynasty, where elites played dual roles, both as scholars and politicians, we are particularly interested in their preference, academy first or politics first? And was the preference stayed stable or changed over time? To answer these questions, we chose social network dynamics as our research method, and elites of Song Dynasty recorded in China Biographical Database (CBDB) as our research objects. We created academic and political networks, and analyzed cohesive subgroups, centrality, power-law distribution, and explained the reason from historical perspective. The results showed that the elites from Northern Song Dynasty preferred external governance while the elites from Southern Song Dynasty preferred Internal Sageliness. In other words, a change in the society style from Outer King to Inner Sage appeared between North Song and South Song.
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