文章摘要
桂婕,杨波,屈宝强,刘蔚,陈晓文.科学数据引用:前提、挑战与实现机制[J].情报工程,2023,9(4):079-088
科学数据引用:前提、挑战与实现机制
Scientific Data Citation: Preconditions, Challenges, and Implementation Mechanisms
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2023.04.007
中文关键词: 科学数据;数据引用;著录标准
英文关键词: Scientific Data; Data Citation; Description Standards
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务项目“中信所统一数据底座建设与运营管理”(ZD2023-04);国家社科基金项目“科学数据引用的实现机制研究”(15BTQ053)。
作者单位
桂婕 1. 中国科学技术信息研究所 北京 100038; 
杨波 2. 北京科技审评中心 北京 101117 
屈宝强 1. 中国科学技术信息研究所 北京 100038; 
刘蔚 1. 中国科学技术信息研究所 北京 100038; 
陈晓文 1. 中国科学技术信息研究所 北京 100038; 
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中文摘要:
      [目的/意义]研究科学数据引用的重要前提、现实挑战与实现机制,对于在科研活动中推广科学数据引用、保护科学数据知识产权具有重要意义。[方法/过程]基于全生命周期管理、利益相关者分析等理论,分析科学数据引用的发生条件、影响因素等,开展对比与差距分析,提出相关工作建议。[结果/结论]科学数据引用要求把科学数据作为重要产出,并记录其在科研过程中利用情况。当前科学数据引用实施中存在引用不清晰、溯源不稳定、关联不准确、追踪不便捷等问题,科学数据引用实现依赖于各利益相关者协同推进政策体系、著录标准、技术基础设施建设,当前我国需重点推广引用标准、探索科学数据评价、强化基础设施建设。
英文摘要:
      [Objective/Significance] To study the important premises, realistic challenges and realization mechanisms of scientific data citation is of great significance for promoting scientific data citation and protecting intellectual property rights of scientific data in scientific research activities. [Methods/Processes] Based on the theories of life cycle management and stakeholder analysis, this paper analyzes the occurrence conditions and influencing factors of scientific data citation, carries out comparison and gap analysis, and puts forward suggestions for promoting scientific data citation. [Results/Conclusions] Scientific data citation requires that scientific data be considered as first-class scientific output and that its use be documented in the scientific research process. At present, there are some problems in the implementation of scientific data citation, such as unclear citation, unstable traceability, inaccurate correlation, and inconvenient tracking. The realization of scientific data citation relies on the coordination of various stakeholders to promote the construction of policy system, description standards, and technical infrastructure. At present, China needs to focus on promoting citation standards, exploring scientific data evaluation, and strengthening infrastructure construction.
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