文章摘要
安小米,张红卫,魏玮,董宇.跨领域本体标准连续体概念体系研究[J].情报工程,2023,9(6):003-019
跨领域本体标准连续体概念体系研究
Studies about Cross-domain Ontology Standards Continuum Concept System
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2023.06.001
中文关键词: 本体标准;连续体概念体系;标准协同;跨领域;国际标准
英文关键词: Ontology Standards; Continuum Concept System; Standard Collaboration; Cross-domain; International Standards
基金项目:中国人民大学重大项目“政府大数据治理与综合利用的标准化协同管理体系构建与应用研究”(21XNL019)。
作者单位
安小米 1.中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 
张红卫 1.中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 
魏玮 2.中国人民解放军军事科学院系统工程研究院 北京 100071 
董宇 3.北京石油化工学院 北京 102627 
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中文摘要:
      [目的/意义]在对国际标准中相关本体概念及概念关系的研究过程中发现,虽然关于本体有多个定义,但是这些定义的应用场景限于单一领域,其核心的概念特征及概念关系类型尚待研究。引入连续体思想,为当前国际标准中跨领域本体概念体系构建、标准体系构建及跨领域本体概念共识构建提供了新视角和方法论。[方法/过程]采用案例分析法、问卷调查法和德尔菲法,首先将跨领域智慧城市标准建设作为案例并进行缺口分析,验证和发现当前本体相关标准,然后设计一份问卷,通过电子邮件方式,发送相关智慧城市领域专家。期间,共有 15 位专家反馈意见。之后,通过对反馈结果进行映射分析和偏好分析,形成专家对跨领域本体概念体系和标准体系建设路径的共识。[结果/结论]提出的跨领域本体构建的连续体概念体系,对关联非正式到正式本体构建过程,构建人机协同本体概念体系具有理论意义,对发现智慧城市领域概念体系标准建设缺口具有实践指导意义,对促进多样化本体标准间互联互通协同,支持跨领域合作、精准决策和智慧行动具有潜在价值。
英文摘要:
      [Objective/Significance] Based on analysis of ontology definitions in international standards and discussions of common understandings on ontology concepts and concept relations, the authors find that there are many definitions for ontology, however, their applications are limited to single domain, the characteristics of the core concepts and the types of concept relations in different definitions are unknown. Therefore, this paper employs the continuum theory to provide a new perspective and method for cross-domain ontology concept system building, standard system building and consensus building of cross-domain ontology concept in international standardization. [Methods/Processes] This paper uses case study, survey and Delphi method. First, a case about smart city standardization is analyzed and the relative ontology standards are found. Second, a questionnaire is designed and sent to smart city-relative expert by email. Totally, 15 feedback are collected. Third, the feedback are analyzed for mapping and indicating preference, and then form the consensus of roadmap of cross-domain ontology concept building and ontology standard system building. [Results/Conclusions] This paper find the ontology continuum concept system would have theoretical values, to relate to the procedure of ontology building from informal to formal, to extent the application of current ontology standards to human understandable and machine executable. This ontology continuum concept system would also have practical values to analyze the gap of the standard development of smart city concept system and based on mapping current smart city ontology standards with continuum concept system and case studies of cross-domain ontology standards building for smart cities and smart city systems, this paper not only rationalize the pragmatic values of the proposed cross-domain ontology continuum concept system for analyzing gaps of ontology standards in smart cities standards development. Furthermore, its potential values are useful for improving the communication, connection, and collaboration of many and various types of ontology standards to support cross-domain cooperation, precisely decision making and smart action.
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