文章摘要
孟晨霞,赵勇.风险约束下谷歌颠覆性技术创新管理模式研究[J].情报工程,2023,9(6):020-034
风险约束下谷歌颠覆性技术创新管理模式研究
Research on Google’s Disruptive Technological Innovation Management Model under Risk Constraints
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2023.06.002
中文关键词: 颠覆性技术;技术创新;风险管理;谷歌
英文关键词: Disruptive Technology; Technology Innovation; Risk Management; Google
基金项目:中国农业大学教育教学改革研究项目(BZY2023037)。
作者单位
孟晨霞 1. 中国农业大学图书馆 北京 100083;2. 中国农业大学情报研究中心 北京 100083 
赵勇 1. 中国农业大学图书馆 北京 100083;2. 中国农业大学情报研究中心 北京 100083 
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中文摘要:
      [目的/意义]颠覆性技术创新已受到政府、行业、学界等领域的广泛关注,加强颠覆性技术创新的组织管理至关重要。[方法/过程]文章选取企业视角,以谷歌为例,采用案例研究法,从项目识别、项目评估、项目培育等角度具体分析其对颠覆性技术创新的全流程组织管理机制,并着眼风险管理,总结其在颠覆性技术创新风险约束方面的有效举措。[局限]受限于研究对象一手资料或内部信息获取难度高,本文数据来源主要是国内外已公开的文献报道。[结果/结论]我国颠覆性技术创新管理应加强顶层设计、构建利于颠覆性技术创新的管理理念和研发体系,提供独立自主的经费和管理空间,注重技术成果转化与应用,引入“项目组合评估”以平衡“风险”与“回报”,引导科研人员和管理者正视失败、宽容失败。
英文摘要:
      [Objective/ Significance] Disruptive technology innovation has drawn widespread attention from the government, industry, and academia, and it is crucial to strengthen organizational management of disruptive technology innovation. [Methods/Processes] This article selects the enterprise perspective, takes Google as an example, adopts the case study method to analyze Google’s full-process management mechanism for disruptive technology innovation from the perspectives of project identification, project evaluation, and project cultivation. Then with an eye on risk management, it summarizes Google’s effective initiatives in terms of risk constraints on disruptive technological innovation. [Limitations] Due to the difficulty of obtaining firsthand information or internal information of the research object, the data sources of this paper are mainly published literature reports. [Results /Conclusions] The disruptive technological innovation management should strengthen top-level design, build management concepts and R&D systems which are conducive to disruptive technological innovation, provide independent funding and management space, focus on the transformation and application of technological achievements, and introduce “project portfolio evaluation” to balance “risks” and “return”, guide researchers and managers to face up to failure and tolerate failure.
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