文章摘要
金凯,杨睿哲,杨兆鑫,林波,张延华.区块链在供应链管理上的应用[J].情报工程,2018,4(3):029-038
区块链在供应链管理上的应用
The Application of Blockchain in Supply Chain Management
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2018.03.005
中文关键词: 区块链;供应链;物联网;RFID
英文关键词: Blockchain; supply chain; internet of things; RFID
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(61571021);北京工业大学基础研究基金项目(040000546317525)
作者单位
金凯 北京工业大学信息学部 
杨睿哲 1.北京工业大学信息学部 2.北京未来网络高精尖创新中心 
杨兆鑫 北京未来网络高精尖创新中心 
林波 北京未来网络高精尖创新中心 
张延华 北京工业大学信息学部 
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中文摘要:
      随着现代工业生产过程的优化,产品生产与销售中的各环节趋向于分散化,整个生产链不再取决于少数企业而更多的形成一种产品供应链的形式。现有供应链在管理过程中存在着数据不透明、难以建立信任、溯源追责困难等问题,而将具有去中心化、开放性、自治性、数据不可篡改性、透明度高等特点的区块链引入供应链中,能够有效解决这些问题。本文提出将区块链技术、物联网技术、RFID 技术综合应用于供应链管理上,形成包括智能终端层、区块链层和应用层的区块链供应链体系架构,实现企业间生产、物流、销售形成的有效管理。
英文摘要:
      With the optimization of the modern industrial production process, some processes of production and sales tend to be separated, which no longer depend on one or two companies but form a supply chain. In the existing management of supply chains, itexist someproblems such as opaque data,difficulty in establishing trust, tracing and tracking, and therefore the introduction of supply of blockchains with characteristics of decentralization, openness, autonomy, datamodification, and high transparency seems essential. This paper introductedthetechonologies ofblockchain, internet of things, and RFID to the supply chain and construct a blockchainbased supply chain architecture that including the intelligent terminal layer, blockchain layer, and application layer,which may provideeffective management of supply chain among production and logisticsand sales.
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